Q1. Ms.Aditi, a fourth grade social studies teacher, recognizes that students are experiencing difficulty comprehending a chapter in the text book. She decides to use a strategy in which he and his students share responsibility for discussion as they predict, clarify and summarize while reading the text. Ms.Aditi is most likely using which of the following instructional strategies?
2. Reciprocal teaching
4. Guided reading
Option 1 is not the correct answer because modeling refers to a description that is intended to show the flow of an overall process
Option 2 is the correct answer because reciprocal teaching is an instructional approach that features interactive dialogue between the teacher and the students. Initially the teacher models strategies such as clarifying, predicting, questioning and summarizing, and then gradually turns over the responsibility to the students. The students take turns being the teacher and leading small-group discussion of the text.
Option 3 is not the correct answer because coaching is the process of using direct instruction to support an individual to achieve a specific goal.
Option 4 is not the correct answer because guided reading describes reading instruction in which the teacher provides the structure and purpose for reading and for responding to the material read.
Q2. While planning units for science instruction, a teacher includes weekly quizzes, a project and end-of-chapter test. Which of the following best describes the primary purpose for including such activities while planning instruction?
1. To determine students’ prior knowledge
2. To monitor students’ progress
3. To forecast students’’ success rates in state tests
4. To compare student achievement with that of previous class
This questions asks you to apply your understanding of analyzing students’ progress to guide science instruction. Formative assessment are embedded into the learning process and provide information that helps monitor students’ progress and evaluate instructional effectiveness. The assessments also help teachers to differentiate learning, thereby improving student achievement. Option 1,3,4 are not examples of purpose of formative assessment. The correct answer is option 2.
Q3. Students in a social studies class are studying the three branches of government and how power is shared among them through the systems of checks and balances. The teacher asks the students to come up with examples of when their choices have been limited as a result of their being a member of a family or group. The activity will require the students to use which of the following levels of cognition?
This questions asks you to apply your understanding of using appropriate strategies to enrich and extend students’ learning. The activity requires students to use newly acquired information to connect with their personal experiences.
Option 1 is not the correct answer, because analysis describes the process of examining and breaking down information into parts
Option 2 is not the correct answer because synthesis refers to compiling information in a different ways by combining elements in a new pattern.
Option 3 is the correct answer because application describes solving problems by applying acquired knowledge, facts, and techniques in different situations
Option 4 is not the correct answer because knowledge is remembering previously learned material, ie., recalling facts, terms, or basic concepts from stated text.